A phase 1/2 study of oral panobinostat combined with melphalan for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma
Panobinostat is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that has shown synergistic preclinical anti-myeloma activity when combined with other agents, recently exhibiting synergy with the alkylating agent melphalan (Sanchez et al., Leuk Res 35(3):373-379, 2011). This phase 1/2 trial investigated the safety and efficacy of panobinostat in combination with melphalan for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma patients. There were four different trial treatment schedules due to tolerability issues, with the final treatment schedule (treatment schedule D) consisting of panobinostat (15 or 20 mg) and melphalan (0.05 or 0.10 mg/kg), both administered on days 1, 3, and 5 of a 28-day cycle. A total of 40 patients were enrolled; 3 in treatment schedule A, 9 in schedule B, 7 in schedule C, and finally 21 schedule D. Patients had been treated with a median of four regimens (range, 1-16) and two prior bortezomib-containing regimens (range, 0-9).