Evolution of Angiogenic Factors in Pregnant Patients with Breast Cancer Treated with Chemotherapy
Anthracyclines and taxanes are being used as a standard treatment for breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy. These chemotherapy regimens allow the continuation of pregnancy without delaying cancer treatment with relatively good maternal and neonatal outcomes. However, their effects on placental function and fetal development are not completely understood. Maternal serum angiogenic factors are a surrogate of placental function and are abnormal weeks before placental complications such as preeclampsia or intrauterine growth restriction development. In our cohort, pregnant women with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy during pregnancy show an antiangiogenic state with significantly higher levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1), sFlt-1/PGF ratio, and soluble endoglin (sEng) at the end of the third trimester. Angiogenic factors could be useful in the clinical obstetric management of these patients, although more studies are guaranteed.